There are quite number different types of cells that are used for the storage of electricity. If you are looking to purchase one for your personal use, you should be able to maintain it if you want it to serve you well. The good point is that it will not take you long to understand how the battery functions.
It is a smart move for anyone who deals in electric things, to know how to at least fix some of them. If you want to learn how to fix something you will need to first learn all of its components and then how they work together in harmony. If you are going for machines that use batteries whether it is cars, motorbikes or even big machineries, the battery is one thing you will need to understand. However, you could also be a student studying the battery and how it functions. Whatever your reason may be, it will not be that hard to understand the battery since it contains very few components and its working system is pretty straightforward. The following are some of the essential parts of a battery and what they do:
• Positive Electrodes
The cathodic process is basically the process of reducing the agent that is used for oxidation from the metal. The positive electrodes of any batteries always play the role of oxidizing electrode. However, they differ in appearance depending on the battery in question. This component plays a vital role and it would be impossible for any battery to work without it. When you are dealing with a battery such as a lead-acid battery, the positive electrodes differ from tubular to plates. You can go with either of the two that you fancy or depending on your machinery. This works by gaining electrons at the end of the reactions that take place in the whole battery.
• Negative Electrodes
An anode is known as the fuel electrode for its reducing purposes. It gets oxidized during the discharge reaction by giving up its electrons to outer circuit. The metal ions that will be formed in the anodic process are as a result of the metal getting reduced. All batteries tend to work by the negative electrodes losing electrons through the oxidation process. There are both tubular and plate electrodes and they all depend on the type of battery you are looking to purchase. However, if you are looking for mobile phone or watch battery, you do not have to worry about any tubular or plate electrodes.
• The Electrolyte
This if found in all types of batteries and it is the medium which connects both the cathodes and the anodes. This plays a very important role of ensuring that the process of the battery producing energy keeps going for as long as possible. All electrolytes have a separator at the center that separates the two sides of the battery. The electrolyte is a liquid that contains dissolved chemicals that are designed to provide an ionic conductive environment. If you are trying to come up with your own battery, always make sure that you use electrolyte that does not conduct electrons. This will help you to prevent your battery from self discharging.
Batteries are a very good source of storing electricity for use at a later time or for emergencies such as when there is a blackout. However, there are some that are rechargeable that you get to reuse for a number of times before they become obsolete.